# help calculating required material thickness physics forums

• ## help calculating required material thickness physics forums

### 1356 questions with answers in THIN FILMS AND

Jan 05,2021·If you think about film thickness less than 1 µm,thus deposited on a thick support,and about nanoporosity,i.e.microporosity (pore size < 2 nm) andActive Height of Fillet Weld Joint Calculation Formulas The active height (thickness) of a fillet weld is specified by the height of the biggest isosceles triangle inscribed into the weld section without penetration.The following image illustrates different weld designs.The size of fillet weld height approximately specifies the = 0.7 formula,where z is the fillet weld width.Minimum fillet weld height is selected according to the thickness of

### Ansys Learning Forum

The Ansys Learning Forum is the go-to place for students,educators,researchers and industry engineers to engage with peers and Ansys experts.Search by topic of interest,join a conversation in progress or post a question or response.CHAPTER 3 RADIATION PROTECTIONThe half value layer (HVL) is the thickness of a shielding material required to reduce the intensity of radiation at a point to one half of its original intensity.It can be calculated by setting I = ½ I 0 and solving the attenuation equation for x 0.5 e x 1/ 2 x 1/2 = ln(0.5) x 1/2 = 0.693 = HVLCHAPTER 3 RADIATION PROTECTIONThe half value layer (HVL) is the thickness of a shielding material required to reduce the intensity of radiation at a point to one half of its original intensity.It can be calculated by setting I = ½ I 0 and solving the attenuation equation for x 0.5 e x 1/ 2 x 1/2 = ln(0.5) x 1/2 = 0.693 = HVL

### Calculating Material Thickness Physics Forums·As described above,I am making a prototype of a vacuum and compression chamber and I could use some help calculating the wall thickness/support structure that is needed to make sure things dont go boom.After a fair amount of research I discovered that a few people did post making their own vacuum/compression chamber.Conduction Physics

Figure 3.Heat conduction occurs through any material,represented here by a rectangular bar,whether window glass or walrus blubber.The temperature of the material is T 2 on the left and T 1 on the right,where T 2 is greater than T 1.The rate of heat transfer by conduction is directly proportional to the surface area A,the temperature difference T 2 T 1,and the substances Film Thickness - an overview ScienceDirect TopicsFilm thickness plays a key role on the final surface morphology since the close interaction with the substrate can enhance,for instance,the phase separation compared to the bulk .Several works have explained the structures formed in terms of chain conformations that directly depend on the film thickness .Other studies have evidenced that the polymer-air interface is deformed due to

### Film Thickness - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Film thickness plays a key role on the final surface morphology since the close interaction with the substrate can enhance,for instance,the phase separation compared to the bulk .Several works have explained the structures formed in terms of chain conformations that directly depend on the film thickness .Other studies have evidenced that the polymer-air interface is deformed due to Hair Rendering Unreal Engine DocumentationAn overview of strand-based hair import,rendering,and simulation.Hair Rendering Unreal Engine DocumentationAn overview of strand-based hair import,rendering,and simulation.

### Help calculating required material thickness Physics Forums

Feb 29,2016·I am by no means smart enough to calculate how thick the material needs to be for a project I am working on,usually I would go by trial end error,but I don't have the budget for that unfortunatley.I'm am trying to work out what steel thickness I would need for a channel to carry a weight of anywhere between 250- 500kg.Help with calculating weight that steel tubing can handle ·This is a worked example of how to calculate the density when given the volume and mass of a substance.Sample Density Problem A brick of salt measuring 10.0 cm x 10.0 cm x 2.0 cm weighs 433 grams.How can i calculate the thickness of a thin film without By using following relation you can find out thickness (t) t = M/Ad.or you can use needle and from penetrate you can be know the thickness.Cite 1 Recommendation

### How can i calculate the thickness of a thin film without

If you are weighing films,you will need a scale with at least milligram resolution.A typical 500 ohm/square PEDOT:PSS film is about 18 microns wet which will weigh approximately 19 milligrams on How to calculate gamma radiation shielding? - Physics How far is the dose calculation from the source/sheild? Are you including buildup factors or not? What is the composition/form of the aluminum? How did you calculate your dose? What do you mean by completely? If you mean a 0% chance of a photon being transmitted throughHow to calculate the number of fasteners and size of a Dec 19,2013·Hi all,I need a help to calculate number of fastener and size of fastener for this below mentioned case.A circular plate (disc) is holding a seat and seat retainer as shown in below image.There is a pressure of 10N/mm^2 acting over the disc.The disc rotates 90 dgerees and the Torque required is 3000 N-m.872 Dia of Disc = 178mm ,Thickness of disc where seat is butted = 25 mm

### How to calculate the number of fasteners and size of a

Dec 19,2013·Hi all,I need a help to calculate number of fastener and size of fastener for this below mentioned case.A circular plate (disc) is holding a seat and seat retainer as shown in below image.There is a pressure of 10N/mm^2 acting over the disc.The disc rotates 90 dgerees and the Torque required is 3000 N-m.872 Dia of Disc = 178mm ,Thickness of disc where seat is butted = 25 mmHow to calculate the thickness of a wall - Physics ForumsApr 27,2019·The requirements for the top cover are it should be leight and could isolate the innerspace.The maximum thickness of it should be max.6 cm,but as possible not over 3 cm. Freezer/Dewar exists,Question how could be the top be constructed (which material,calculation thickness,vacuum not possible) I can not give more details.Apr 24,2019 Neutron Activation and Scattering CalculatorMultilayer samples can specified as layer thickness and material separated by //.Thicknesses are in length units (cm,mm,um,nm).The resulting material will compute activation for 1 cm 2 of material.Density is required for each layer.

### Optical Density - Optical Density Formula Optical

Optical density is the process of transmission of light or other electromagnetic radiation by matter.The process of emission and absorption depends on the wavelength of the radiations,which includes the interaction between fundamental particles like electrons,atoms,ions,etc.Optical Density - Optical Density Formula Optical Optical density is the process of transmission of light or other electromagnetic radiation by matter.The process of emission and absorption depends on the wavelength of the radiations,which includes the interaction between fundamental particles like electrons,atoms,ions,etc.Shell Thickness Calculation - Red-BagShell Thickness Calculation. The calculation also require the user to enter a stress value depending the material.The calculation page has a link to a material property page,but the values on the material pages are for reference only and are not to be used in actual calculations. Required wall thickness d r = P d *D e (2*z*f + P d

### Shell Thickness Calculation - Red-Bag

Shell Thickness Calculation. The calculation also require the user to enter a stress value depending the material.The calculation page has a link to a material property page,but the values on the material pages are for reference only and are not to be used in actual calculations. Required wall thickness d r = P d *D e (2*z*f + P d Shock Load Calculator Impact Forces Kinetic Energy An example verification calculation is provided in Fig 4 for a steel plate 1m diameter and 20mm thick impacted by a mass of 0.253kg at 6.581m/s using CalQlata's Plates calculator.Accuracy.The accuracy of all calculations performed in the shock load calculator is as precise as the input data you enter.NotesSoil Calculator How much soil do you need?Establish the depth - thickness of the topsoil layer.Let's say it's d = 0.5 yd.Multiply the area and dirt layer thickness to obtain its volume 56 * 0.5 = 28 yd².The volume of soil required is equal to this value.Our soil calculator will display it for you.Different materials than topsoil? No trouble!

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Dec 19,2009·1.A conductive sheet of material has a CSA of 10mm x 20mm.Reisistivity of 103 (10 to the 3,10,000) ohms M.Calculate thickness of the material required to give resistance of 5k ohms 2.Ro = RA/l ,where l would be thickness,l = RA/Ro 3.Thickness = 5,000 x 0.2 / 10,000 = o.1mSome results are removed in response to a notice of local law requirement.For more information,please see here.Previous123456NextNeutron Activation and Scattering CalculatorMultilayer samples can specified as layer thickness and material separated by //.Thicknesses are in length units (cm,mm,um,nm).The resulting material will compute activation for 1 cm 2 of material.Density is required for each layer.Strength of Materials Basics and Equations Mechanics of Strength / Mechanics of Material Menu.Strength of materials,also called mechanics of materials,is a subject which deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains ..In materials science,the strength of a material is its ability to withstand an applied load without failure.